'Hold Their Feet To the Fire': Getting A COVID-19 Vaccine To Hard-Hit Indian Country

Dec 11, 2020
Originally published on December 14, 2020 3:05 am

These last few days have been chaotic at the Nimiipuu Health Clinic on the Nez Perce Reservation in Idaho.

The director, Dr. R. Kim Hartwig, is trying to manage testing and treating patients for COVID- 19 and other diseases, while also racing to get a plan in place to distribute a vaccine.

"It's not something that we have a timeline [for], it's like, I got a call and was told, 'You're gonna get a vaccine in two weeks, get a plan together,' " she says.

Only a handful of Hartwig's frontline workers are expected to get the initial Pfizer vaccine because the tribe doesn't have the special refrigeration and storage it requires. But she's OK with waiting a few more weeks for the expected second Moderna vaccine that won't need that. It's a feat in and of itself to be getting a vaccine this fast to rural Lapwai, Idaho, population 1,000.

"I'm thankful for that," Hartwig says. "If I have to scramble some to make sure my community is safe, that's what I've committed my life to."

On the Nez Perce Reservation, Dr. R. Kim Hartwig is scrambling to manage testing and treating patients for COVID-19 and other health issues, while also racing to get a vaccine distribution plan in place.
R. Kim Hartwig

The federal government has designated an allocation of the first coronavirus vaccines to hard-hit Indian Country. Native Americans have long endured health care inequities, and they're four times as likely to be hospitalized by COVID-19.

Still, reaching everyone who needs it will be a monumental challenge, and there is plenty of skepticism about the federal government's ability to deliver, after a century's worth of broken treaties and failures to meet government to government obligations with sovereign tribes.

"We're treating this as any other challenges we're faced with," says Commander Andrea Klimo of the Indian Health Service.

Tribes had the option of getting the vaccine shipments from their state or the IHS. More than half of the 574 federally recognized tribes are doing what the Nez Perce are, and opting for the IHS, says Klimo.

Klimo, an enrolled member of the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma, is leading the government's task force in charge of distributing the vaccines to tribes.

"We're tackling it head-on and working through things such as hesitancy or any sort of perceived trust issue, as they come along," Klimo says.

There will be a lot of scrutiny on the IHS as the first vaccines are expected to begin being distributed in the next couple of days. Congress has long underfunded tribal health care, and consequently, Native people aren't always confident in the IHS's ability to deliver.

"We're going to hold their feet to the fire because it's their trust responsibility, their treaty obligation," says Rodney Bordeaux, president of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.

At the IHS hospital in Rosebud, S.D., only 10 of the 30 beds are even being used right now because of staff shortages. The tribe has had some of the highest COVID-19 rates of infection in the region. Curfews, mask mandates and other lockdowns have been enforced, Bordeaux says, unlike in the surrounding state.

If the IHS fails to distribute the vaccine as planned, Bordeaux says that hopefully, Congress will provide another round of stimulus as a backup.

"It's very bad, we've tried working with Congress to get more funding, but we have not [yet] been able to do that," he says.

Already CARES Act funds helped pay for mobile units that his tribe will use to deliver the vaccine to communities across its 2,000-square-mile reservation.

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The federal government's first batch of coronavirus vaccines will include a shipment to Indian Country. Native Americans are four times as likely to be hospitalized from COVID-19. But as NPR's Kirk Siegler reports, reaching everyone who needs the vaccine will be a major challenge.

KIRK SIEGLER, BYLINE: These last few days have been chaotic at the Nimiipuu Health Clinic on the Nez Perce Reservation in Idaho. The director, R. Kim Hartwig, is trying to manage testing and treating patients for COVID and other diseases while also racing to get a plan in place to distribute a vaccine.

R KIM HARTWIG: It's not something that we have and have a timeline. It's like, OK, I got a call and was told, OK, you're going to get vaccine in two weeks. Get a plan together.

SIEGLER: Only a handful of her frontline workers are expected to get the initial Pfizer vaccine because the tribe doesn't have the special refrigeration and storage it requires. But Hartwig is OK with waiting a few more weeks for the expected second vaccine that doesn't need that. When it's in, she can start vaccinating elders and the rest of the tribe.

HARTWIG: We should feel fortunate that we have the opportunity to, you know, get vaccine in Lapwai, Idaho. I mean, we have a town of a thousand people in rural Idaho in the middle of the Nez Perce reservation.

SIEGLER: The tribes had the option of getting the vaccine shipments from their state or the Indian Health Service. More than half of the 574 federally recognized tribes are doing what the Nez Perce are - opting for the IHS - says Commander Andrea Klimo.

ANDREA KLIMO: We're treating this as any other challenge that we're faced with.

SIEGLER: A member of the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma, Klimo is leading the IHS task force in charge of distributing the vaccines.

KLIMO: We're tackling it head-on and working through things such as hesitancy or any sort of perceived trust issue.

SIEGLER: There will be a lot of scrutiny on the IHS as the vaccines get distributed. Congress has long underfunded Indian health care, and consequently, native people aren't always confident in the IHS to deliver. Rodney Bordeaux is the president of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe in South Dakota.

RODNEY BORDEAUX: Well, we're going to hold their feet to the fire because it's their trusted responsibility. As the federal government, it's their treaty obligation, so we're going to hold their feet to the fire.

SIEGLER: If the IHS fails to distribute the vaccine as planned, Bordeaux says hopefully Congress will provide another round of stimulus as a backup. Already, CARES Act funds helped pay for mobile units that his tribe will use to deliver the vaccine to communities across its 2,000-square-mile reservation. Kirk Siegler, NPR News, Boise. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.