Which state uses, produces, or spends the most on energy?

Jan 22, 2015

Credit eia.gov

Have you ever wondered how much energy your state produces, consumes, and expends?  The U.S. Energy Information Administration has created a series of state level maps detailing these facts. 

Here are some quick facts:


  • Colorado's vast fossil fuel resources include the Niobrara Shale, with resource estimates running as high as 2 billion barrels of oil.
  • From 2007 to 2013, crude oil production in Colorado rose 146%; marketed natural gas production rose 38% between 2007 and 2012. 
  • In 2013, 64% of the electricity generated in Colorado came from coal, 20% from natural gas, and 17% from renewable energy resources.
  • Colorado's Renewable Energy Standard requires investor-owned electric utilities to provide 30% of their generation from renewable energy resources by 2020, with 3% coming from distributed generation.
  • Colorado’s grid-connected photovoltaic capacity of 300 megawatts was the fifth largest in the United States in 2012.  From 2012 to 2013, net electricity generation from solar increased 20%.
  • Average household energy costs in Colorado ($1,551 per year) are 23 percent less than the national average, primarily due to historically lower natural gas prices in the state, according to EIA's Residential Energy Consumption Survey.


  • In 2013, Kansas ranked 10th in crude oil production among the 50 states, excluding the federal offshore areas.
  • The Hugoton Gas Area, which contains one of the top-producing natural gas fields in the United States, is located in southwestern Kansas, as well as in parts of the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles.
  • The Mid-Continent Center, located in south central Kansas, is a key natural gas supply hub that takes production from several states in the region and pipes it east to major consumption markets.  
  • Electric utilities in Kansas provided 82% of the state's net electricity generation in 2013; 61% of net electricity generation came from coal-fired electric power plants. 
  • In 2013, 19% of net electricity generation in Kansas came from wind energy. 


  • Excluding federal offshore areas, Oklahoma ranked fifth in crude oil production in the nation in 2013. 
  • Oklahoma had five operating petroleum refineries with a combined daily capacity of over 500,000 barrels per day (3% of the total U.S. operating distillation capacity) as of January 2014.
  • Oklahoma is one of the top natural gas-producing states in the nation, accounting for 7.1% of U.S. gross production and 8.4% of marketed production in 2013. 
  • Cushing, Oklahoma is where West Texas Intermediate crude oil futures prices are settled for the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX).
  • In 2013, Oklahoma ranked fourth in net electricity generation from wind, which provided almost 15% of the state's net generation.


  • Texas was the leading crude oil-producing state in the nation in 2013 and exceeded production levels even from the federal offshore areas. 
  • As of January 2014, the 27 petroleum refineries in Texas had a capacity of over 5.1 million barrels of crude oil per day and accounted for 29% of total U.S. refining capacity.
  • Texas accounted for about 29% of U.S. marketed natural gas production in 2013, making it the leading natural gas producer among the states.
  • Texas leads the nation in wind-powered generation capacity with over 12,000 megawatts; in 2013 Texas generated almost 36 million megawatthours of electricity from wind energy. 
  • West Texas Intermediate (WTI), a grade of crude oil produced in Texas and southern Oklahoma, is traded in the domestic spot market at Cushing, Oklahoma, where it serves as a benchmark for oil pricing.
  • The average annual electricity cost per Texas household is $1,801, among the highest in the nation; the cost is similar to other warm weather states like Florida, according to EIA's Residential Energy Consumption Survey.

Here’s a link to the U.S. Energy Information Administration to learn more about your state.